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Charles Bruce Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

A monument in Manhattan Beach commemorates Charles and Willa Bruce, whose land was taken by the city in a campaign against Black families in the area.

California’s Novel Attempt at Land Reparations

By Reparations

Property seized from a Black family a century ago is being returned to their descendants. By Michael Scott Moore, The New Yorker More than a hundred years ago, on a stretch of California coast now reminiscent of “Baywatch,” a young Black couple named Charles and Willa Bruce bought the first of two adjacent plots of beachfront property next to some barren dunes in Manhattan Beach, in Los Angeles County. The…

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