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Transatlantic Slave Trade Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)

Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee Leads U.S. Reparations Bill H.R. 40

By Editors' Choice

By Stacy M. Brown — “I think if people begin to associate this legislation with what happened to the descendants of enslaved Africans as a human rights violation, the sordid past that violated the human rights of all of us who are descendants of enslaved Africans, I think that we can find common ground to pass this legislation,” said Congresswoman Jackson Lee in reference to H.R. 40, the reparations legislation…

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students-protest-georgia-university-slavery-reparations-910x512

Colleges confront their links to slavery and wrestle with how to atone for past sins

By Reparations

By Calvin Schermerhorn — Colleges and universities across the U.S. have been taking a hard look at their ties to slavery. This isn’t an entirely new phenomenon. Back in 2006, Brown University published a report showing that the university – from its construction to its endowment – participated in and benefited from the slave trade and slavery. And since then, several other colleges and universities have disclosed their ties to the…

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Kwame-Akoto-Bamfo-sculpture-victims-Transatlantic-slave-trade-Montgomery-Alabama-910-512.

Why the West is morally bound to offer reparations for slavery

By Editors' Choice, News & Current Affairs

By Rhoda E. Howard Hassmann— The 20th anniversary of the UN World Conference on Racism, held in Durban, South Africa, in 2001, will be celebrated this August. There was much discussion at the conference about reparations to Africa for the trans-Atlantic slave trade, in which millions of Africans were captured to provide free labour in North and South America and the Caribbean for over four and a half centuries. Unfortunately, the conference was…

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Britain’s Role in the Rise and Fall of Transatlantic Slavery

By Reparations

By Don Rojas — Independent MP William Wilberforce wrote the Slave Trade Act in 1807 which abolished the industry across the British Empire. It was enacted in 1833 The transatlantic slave trade was launched by Portuguese traders with the construction of sub-Saharan Africa’s first permanent slave trading post at Elmina in 1492. But it soon passed into Dutch then English hands and, by the 18th century, was seeing tens of…

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The universal church taught that slavery enjoyed the sanction of Scripture and natural law.

A massive new effort to name millions sold into bondage during the transatlantic slave trade

By Reparations

By Sydney Trent— Daryle Williams was emotionally torn, pushing the decision right up against deadline. As a history professor at the University of Maryland, Williams had been researching the slave trade in 19th-century Brazil when he came upon two newspaper ads featuring runaway Africans. One mentioned a mother, Sancha, escaping with her two sons — Luis, 9, and Tiburcio, 4 — in 1855. The other referenced a young woman, Theresa,…

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Transatlantic Slave Trade

A Practical and Constitutional Proposal for Reparations for African-Americans

By Reparations

By Benjamin G. Davis — Responding to the discussions on Reparations are replete while the appalling reality on the ground is not in doubt, to be of assistance and subject to the wisdom of people who have been working on this far longer than me I put on my Business School hat and put this practical and constitutional proposal together. My bottom line is that it is not as hard…

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Screenshot from CARICOM Reparations Commission's website

The Caribbean’s case for reparations: Part 3

By Reparations

This is the third article in a series that highlights the question of slavery reparations in the Caribbean. (The first is here; the second is here.) It is based around issues discussed in the NGC Bocas Lit Fest’s live stream event, “The Case for Reparations,” which featured an in-depth conversation with Sir Hilary Beckles, chair of the CARICOM Reparations Commission. COVID-19 has revealed “horrendous legacies” of inequity By Janine Mendes-Franco — Five hundred and twenty-eight…

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The slave trade triangle

The Caribbean’s case for reparations: Part 2

By Reparations

This is the second article in a series that highlights the question of slavery reparations in the Caribbean. (See Part 1 here.) It is based around issues discussed in the NGC Bocas Lit Fest’s live stream event, “The Case for Reparations,” which featured an in-depth conversation with Sir Hilary Beckles, chair of the CARICOM Reparations Commission. *** Reparatory justice: ‘The greatest political movement of the 21st century’ By Janine Mendes-Franco — In commemoration…

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Beautiful African woman

Thank You For The Symbolic Gestures But Black People Need Reparations

By Reparations

If the U.S. ever wants to move forward and right the wrongs of its past, there must not only be a public acknowledgement of the crimes committed against Black people, but there must be programs in place to serve as a form of restitution. By Janice Gassam Asare, Forbes — America is finally waking up from its 400-year slumber and an honest acknowledgement of racism is happening. The public’s opinion…

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Reparations: T.I; Clifford Joseph Harris Jr.

In Open Letter, Rapper T.I. Demands Lloyd’s of London Pay Reparations to Descendants of American Slaves

By Reparations

By Seth Cohen, Forbes — Over the weekend, popular Atlanta-based rapper and actor T.I. issued an open letter to Lloyd’s of London, calling on the well-known insurance company to pay direct compensation for its role in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. In doing so, Clifford Harris, Jr., who goes by the name T.I., called attention to the growing demand for reparations to be paid to descendants of American slaves. T.I.’s letter, posted…

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Five generations of a slave family.

American slavery: Separating fact from myth

By Reparations

By Daina Ramey Berry — People think they know everything about slavery in the United States, but they don’t. They think the majority of African slaves came to the American colonies, but they didn’t. They talk about 400 years of slavery, but it wasn’t. They claim all Southerners owned slaves, but they didn’t. Some argue it was all a long time ago, but it wasn’t. Slavery has been in the…

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Suriname Emancipation

July 1, 1863: The day of great deception in Suriname

By Reparations

For many years Surinamese people of African descent, whose ancestors worked on the plantations in the colony of Suriname, celebrated and commemorated ‘Keti Koti’ on July 1 as “Emancipation Day”. In recent years they have been doing this more and more together with others from our Republic. Many have never considered why ‘Keti Koti’ is always celebrated and/or commemorated on July 1. Also, many have never considered why the ‘Keti…

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