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Transatlantic Slave Trade Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

The interior of the Lloyd's of London building is seen in the City of London financial district in London, Britain, April 16, 2019.

London’s finance district, steeped in slavery, confronts its past

By Reparations

By Carolyn Cohn and Huw Jones, Reuters — British ships ferried over 3 million enslaved African people across the Atlantic Ocean. Lloyd’s of London insured many of those vessels, the people chained below deck sometimes categorized as “perishable goods”, alongside cattle, by the market’s underwriters. Lloyd’s involvement in the trans-Atlantic slave trade is not included in the market’s permanent exhibition at its modernistic City tower but that is set to…

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Hands behind bars

Transatlantic slave trade: Legacy of entangled affair between imperialism, racism, slavery

By Editors' Choice

To legitimize slavery and its atrocities, western imperialism birthed racism, idea of superiority of whites over Black people. By Ahmet Gencturk, Monthly Review — Fourteen years after the bicentenary of the abolition of the slave trade in Britain, the bitter legacy and enormous cost of the transatlantic slave trade for millions of enslaved Black people resurfaced last week when Jamaica announced its plan to demand reparations from the UK. To…

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Documentary Short: The Middle Passage & Black Latin America

By Reparations

The Middle Passage and Black Latin America is a documentary short on the history of the Transatlantic Slave trade, how it was started, developed, and the importance of the Spanish Empire to the trade. In this video, we cover the role of the Catholic Church and the importance of certain Papal Bulls, the Asiento Charter, the Encomienda System of forced slavery upon Indigenous peoples, the role of Charles V as…

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slavery-part-12-featured-american-flag-transatlantic-910x512

The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A Day of Remembrance

By Reparations

By Stacy M. Brown, NNPA Newswire Senior National Correspondent — NNPA NEWSWIRE — “It is important to recognize the International Decade for People of African Descent as an international corrective to combat the systematic indoctrination of the lie of African inferiority,” said Dr. Kevin Cokley, the director of the Institute for Urban Policy Research & Analysis. “Passing H.R. 40 would count as the most significant legislative achievement to impact the…

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Sheila Jackson Lee

Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee Leads U.S. Reparations Bill H.R. 40

By Editors' Choice

By Stacy M. Brown — “I think if people begin to associate this legislation with what happened to the descendants of enslaved Africans as a human rights violation, the sordid past that violated the human rights of all of us who are descendants of enslaved Africans, I think that we can find common ground to pass this legislation,” said Congresswoman Jackson Lee in reference to H.R. 40, the reparations legislation…

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Students at Georgetown University protest

Colleges confront their links to slavery and wrestle with how to atone for past sins

By Reparations

By Calvin Schermerhorn — Colleges and universities across the U.S. have been taking a hard look at their ties to slavery. This isn’t an entirely new phenomenon. Back in 2006, Brown University published a report showing that the university – from its construction to its endowment – participated in and benefited from the slave trade and slavery. And since then, several other colleges and universities have disclosed their ties to the…

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Kwame-Akoto-Bamfo-sculpture-victims-Transatlantic-slave-trade-Montgomery-Alabama-910-512.

Why the West is morally bound to offer reparations for slavery

By Editors' Choice, News & Current Affairs

By Rhoda E. Howard Hassmann— The 20th anniversary of the UN World Conference on Racism, held in Durban, South Africa, in 2001, will be celebrated this August. There was much discussion at the conference about reparations to Africa for the trans-Atlantic slave trade, in which millions of Africans were captured to provide free labour in North and South America and the Caribbean for over four and a half centuries. Unfortunately, the conference was…

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Britain’s Role in the Rise and Fall of Transatlantic Slavery

By Reparations

By Don Rojas — Independent MP William Wilberforce wrote the Slave Trade Act in 1807 which abolished the industry across the British Empire. It was enacted in 1833 The transatlantic slave trade was launched by Portuguese traders with the construction of sub-Saharan Africa’s first permanent slave trading post at Elmina in 1492. But it soon passed into Dutch then English hands and, by the 18th century, was seeing tens of…

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The universal church taught that slavery enjoyed the sanction of Scripture and natural law.

A massive new effort to name millions sold into bondage during the transatlantic slave trade

By Reparations

By Sydney Trent— Daryle Williams was emotionally torn, pushing the decision right up against deadline. As a history professor at the University of Maryland, Williams had been researching the slave trade in 19th-century Brazil when he came upon two newspaper ads featuring runaway Africans. One mentioned a mother, Sancha, escaping with her two sons — Luis, 9, and Tiburcio, 4 — in 1855. The other referenced a young woman, Theresa,…

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Transatlantic Slave Trade

A Practical and Constitutional Proposal for Reparations for African-Americans

By Reparations

By Benjamin G. Davis — Responding to the discussions on Reparations are replete while the appalling reality on the ground is not in doubt, to be of assistance and subject to the wisdom of people who have been working on this far longer than me I put on my Business School hat and put this practical and constitutional proposal together. My bottom line is that it is not as hard…

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Screenshot from CARICOM Reparations Commission's website

The Caribbean’s case for reparations: Part 3

By Reparations

This is the third article in a series that highlights the question of slavery reparations in the Caribbean. (The first is here; the second is here.) It is based around issues discussed in the NGC Bocas Lit Fest’s live stream event, “The Case for Reparations,” which featured an in-depth conversation with Sir Hilary Beckles, chair of the CARICOM Reparations Commission. COVID-19 has revealed “horrendous legacies” of inequity By Janine Mendes-Franco — Five hundred and twenty-eight…

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The slave trade triangle

The Caribbean’s case for reparations: Part 2

By Reparations

This is the second article in a series that highlights the question of slavery reparations in the Caribbean. (See Part 1 here.) It is based around issues discussed in the NGC Bocas Lit Fest’s live stream event, “The Case for Reparations,” which featured an in-depth conversation with Sir Hilary Beckles, chair of the CARICOM Reparations Commission. *** Reparatory justice: ‘The greatest political movement of the 21st century’ By Janine Mendes-Franco — In commemoration…

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