Skip to main content

The Institute of the Black World 21st Century (IBW) is gearing up for a Day of Direct Action June 17th in Washington, D.C. to demand an end to the War on Drugs and mass incarceration  and call on President Obama to invest in marginalized urban inner-city Black communities across the nation.  While ending the war on drugs as a devastating racially-biased policy is essential, we in IBW have always insisted that overcoming joblessness and economic underdevelopment is ultimately the key to combating the crime, violence, fratricide and mass incarceration that have become the scourge of America’s “dark ghettos.” According to a study by the Community Service Society, “the unemployment rate for African-American men in New York, age 16 to 24, was 33.5 percent” at the height of the Great Recession.  That figure is likely closer to 50% when young Black men who are no longer looking for work are included. What is true of New York is true of virtually every urban inner-city area in this country

In a recent New York Times Editorial Opinion article Jared Bernstein, Senior Fellow at the Center for Budget and Policy Priorities, lamented the fact that chronic unemployment has emerged as a major problem for Americans in general with “11.7 million looking for work” as of the last job report  and “about eight million more stuck in underemployment.”  But, as William Julius Wilson has pointed out, the problem of joblessness is much more severe in Black communities where work has simply “disappeared” because of massive disinvestment in urban areas and structural factors like deindustrialization.  Therefore, there are disastrous, depression levels of joblessness in Black communities — levels which would not be tolerated in White communities.

There is a direct link between the depression levels of joblessness and the horrific violence and fratricide that plagues Black communities. It is said that “idle hands are the devil’s workshop.” The mere absence of jobs and economic opportunity alone contributes to destructive behavior among young people, particularly Black males. However, in the absence of “legitimate” jobs/work, an illicit economy and new “employer” have become a reality of life in America’s dark ghettos – the trafficking of illegal drugs.  Africans in America are only bit players in a multi-billion dollar global enterprise dominated by huge transnational cartels. But, the fierce and deadly competition to share in and control a lucrative piece of the action has had a devastating impact – turf wars, chronic crime, violence, fratricide, targeted, paramilitary policing and mass incarceration.

The gun violence and fratricide in urban Black inner-city neighborhoods is beyond belief.  Every week there is the equivalent of a Newtown massacre in some Black community in this country.  Data compiled from a variety of sources by Dr. Zachary Williams of IBW’s Research Consortium paint a painful picture in terms of the magnitude of the carnage:

  • Blacks in the United States are disproportionately affected by homicide. For the year 2009, blacks represented 13 percent of the nation’s population, yet accounted for 47 percent of all homicide victims.
  • In that same year, the homicide rate for black male victims was 32.14 per 100,000 … For white male homicide victims it was 4.26 per 100,000.
  • Eighty-two percent of Black victims were shot and killed with guns – 74 percent …were killed with handguns.

The depression levels of joblessness and horrific scale of fratricide in America’s dark ghettos is a national disgrace, a moral and political crisis which all Americans should be concerned with.  But, there is no national outcry, no outrage because the affected people are Black – “the wrong complexion to get the protection.”  Who would have believed that 50 years after the March on Washington, where Martin Luther King talked about the “Promissory Note,” that continues to come back “marked insufficient funds,” that a State of Emergency would exist in Black urban inner-city neighborhoods?  President Obama must have the “audacity,” the courage to act on this crisis.

As a general proposition in his New York Times article Jared Bernstein strongly recommends that, as a matter of principle, liberals/progressives resurface and reaffirm the goal of a full employment economy as reflected in the Humphrey-Hawkins Act of 1978 [an idea which I have been advocating for years]. Under the provisions of the Act the Government would become the employer of last resort when unemployment rises above 5%, utilizing public sector jobs as a short term remedy.  As it relates to the catastrophe in distressed Black communities, a direct, targeted public sector jobs program with a priority on employing formerly incarcerated persons would have amazing results. Decent jobs with good wages and benefits is the best anti-crime, anti-violence, anti-fratricide and anti-mass incarceration program that this administration and the nation could embrace to address the disgraceful conditions in America’s dark ghettos.

As we approach the 50th Anniversary of the March on Washington, it’s time for President Obama to do more than reference Martin Luther King and the “Moses generation” as if the civil rights/human rights agenda is a fait accompli, a thing of the past.  Black people who are suffering from the debilitating effects of the War on Drugs, joblessness, fratricide and mass incarceration need more than symbolism and the benefits that indirectly accrue to our communities from decent policies like the Affordable Health Care Act.  We need President Obama to declare the conditions in Black America a moral and political crisis and call for direct action to heal distressed Black communities. On June 17th a contingent of “Drum Majors for Justice” will be at the gates of the White House to plead our case. Groups of jobless young people and representatives of anti-violence organizations should join IBW in this urgent endeavor!


Dr. Ron Daniels is President of the Institute of the Black World 21st Century and Distinguished Lecturer at York College City University of New York. His articles and essays also appear on the IBW website and To send a message, arrange media interviews or speaking engagements, Dr. Daniels can be reached via email at


#  #  #

Dr. Ron Daniels

Dr. Ron Daniels is President of the Institute of the Black World 21st Century and Distinguished Lecturer Emeritus, York College City University of New York. His articles and essays appear on the IBW website and His weekly radio show, Vantage Point can be heard Mondays 3:00 PM – 4:00 PM on WBAI, 99.5 FM, Pacifica in New York, streaming live via To send a message, arrange media interviews or speaking engagements, Dr. Daniels can be reached via email at