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Black History Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

American Indian Movement (AIM) took down a statue of Columbus near the Minnesota State Capitol in St. Paul

The forgotten history of solidarity between Black and Indigenous freedom movements

By Editors' Choice

By Kyle T. Mays, HNN — Since the emergence of Black Lives Matter in 2013, the Standing Rock Sioux-led global protest against the Dakota Access Pipeline, and more recently, the murders of Breonna Taylor and George Floyd, Black and Indigenous co-resistance has once again come to the forefront of our national consciousness. Instead of calls to “police the police” or for “community control” of police from the 1960s, activists have…

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The Harlem Hellfighters

The Harlem Hellfighters were war heroes. Then they came home to racism.

By News & Current Affairs

The Harlem Hellfighters were the most celebrated Black regiment in World War I but were largely forgotten after returning to the United States, where they faced racism and discrimination. (via National Archives).  An exceptional unit of Black soldiers who fought in World War I will receive the Congressional Gold Medal. By Precious Fondren, NYT — For most of her life Debra Willett had a vague idea about who her grandfather…

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Museum of Preso Novos Cemetery

Cemetery for enslaved Africans in Brazil discovered, turned into museum

By Reparations

By Alexa Imani Spencer, Black Enterprise — A cemetery of enslaved Africans in Brazil has been discovered and turned into a museum after nearly 200 years. The cemetery site was discovered in the 1990s during a renovation of an abandoned house in Rio de Janeiro. According to Travel Noire, the homeowner, Merced Guimarães dos Anjos, said she and her husband decided to open the space to visitors once they found…

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Marcus Garvey

50 Marcus Garvey Quotes

By Black World History

Editor’s Note: Historically, the Institute of the Black World 21st Century has celebrated August as “Marcus Garvey Month” and also as “Universal African Flag Day”, a time to honor the life and legacy of the great Pan-African leader. Over the years, Garvey’s Red/Black/Green flag has become the standard bearer for the global black liberation movement. IBW is honored to share with our readers 50 quotes from the speeches and writings…

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“Battle of Ravine-à-Couleuvres,” by Karl Girardet and Jean-Jacques Outhwaite

We owe Haiti a debt we can’t repay

By Commentaries/Opinions

Haitians carried out the first and only successful slave revolt in modern history, then repelled Napoleon’s forces, making way for the Louisiana Purchase. By Annette Gordon-Reed, NYT — When assassins killed President Jovenel Moïse of Haiti on July 7, pushing the country to the brink of chaos, it may have struck many Americans as the latest in a string of political upheavals and destabilizing disasters in an unfortunate country with…

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A South Carolinan wears the "Stars and Stripes" after the Confederate "Stars and Bars" were lowered from the flagpole

Loving your country means teaching its history honestly

By Commentaries/Opinions

What is the point of American history? David French on how teaching the positive and the negative is key to understanding this country. By David French, TIME — Why do you love the United States of America? There is no better time to ask that question than on Independence Day. The answer to that question can and should tell us a great deal about whether our love of country is…

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Dr Yosef A.A. ben Jochannan seated in the middle of legendary history scholars Dr. Ivan Van Sertima and Dr. John Henrik Clarke on Gil Noble’s talk show

The significance of the late Black Egyptologist Dr. Yosef A. A. Ben Jochannan

By Commentaries/Opinions

Dr Yosef A.A. ben Jochannan seated in the middle of legendary history scholars Dr. Ivan Van Sertima and Dr. John Henrik Clarke on Gil Noble’s talk show ‘Like It Is.’ Gil Noble was a pioneering Afrikan American journalist on ABC news in NYC. By Bashir Muhammad Akinyele — “Dr. Ben gave Kemet and Nile Valley Civilizations back to us” — Dr. Leonard Jeffries (legendary Africana Studies Professor) As I embark…

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Frederick Douglass, 1850.

What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July? By Frederick Douglass

By Editors' Choice, Reparations

On July 5, 1852, Frederick Douglass gave a speech at an event commemorating the signing of the Declaration of Independence, held at Rochester’s Corinthian Hall. —— Mr. President, Friends and Fellow Citizens: He who could address this audience without a quailing sensation, has stronger nerves than I have. I do not remember ever to have appeared as a speaker before any assembly more shrinkingly, nor with greater distrust of my…

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“The Underground Railroad” attempts to upend viewers’ notions of what it meant to be enslaved

By Commentaries/Opinions

By William Nash — Speaking on NPR’s Fresh Air, Barry Jenkins, the director of “The Underground Railroad,” noted that “before making this show … I would have said I’m the descendant of enslaved Africans.” “I think now that answer has evolved,” he continued. “I am the descendant of blacksmiths and midwives and herbalists and spiritualists.” As a scholar interested in how modern representations of enslavement shape our understanding of the past,…

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Commentary, Articles and Essays by Dr. Maulana Karenga

Celebrating Black Women’s History: Achievements, Strengths and Struggles

By Black Women in History, Commentaries/Opinions, Dr. Maulana Karenga

By Dr. Maulana Karenga — This year’s celebration of Black History Month II: Women’s Focus comes at a time of the pandemic COVID-19 and the continuing pathology of oppression. It is also a time of resistance, rising up and raising the battle cries: Black Women Rising; Black Men Rising; Black People Rising; No Justice, No Peace; and Liberation’s Coming From A Black and Beautiful Thing. And that Black and Beautiful…

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How Black cartographers put racism on the map of America

By Commentaries/Opinions

By Derek H. Alderman, Joshua F.J. Inwood— How can maps fight racism and inequality? The work of the Black Panther Party, a 1960s- and 1970s-era Black political group featured in a new movie and a documentary, helps illustrate how cartography – the practice of making and using maps – can illuminate injustice. As these films show, the Black Panthers focused on African American empowerment and community survival, running a diverse array of programming that ranged…

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Gretta Jackson

Woman Becomes First Black Owner of an Outback Steakhouse in Detroit After Starting As a Server

By Black Women in History, News & Current Affairs

By Cedric ‘BIG CED’ Thornton — A Black woman, who started as a part-time server, is now an owner of her very own Outback Steakhouse restaurant in Michigan, less than 20 years later. According to Fox2 Detroit, Gretta Jackson took a job as a part-time server job at an Outback in Southfield almost two decades ago to put some extra money in her pocket. She worked her way up to become the…

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