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Black History Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

How America Invented Race

By Editors' Choice

By Ed Bell, Clementine Briand, Pierce Freelon, Jonathan Halperin, Aaron Keane and Drew Takahashi— EPISODE 1 The white “race” was invented by rich Virginians in 1676 in the aftermath of a populous rebellion of impoverished, indentured, and enslaved Africans and Europeans now known as Bacon’s Rebellion. Source: World Channel

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Vantage Point: The Quest for Reparations in Elaine, Arkansas • Will Black Votes Elect Trump • Dr. Ron Daniels on the Soap Box

By Reparations, Vantage Point Radio, Video/Audio

Vantage Point October 26, 2020 — On this Edition of Vantage Point, host Dr. Ron Daniels aka The Professor talks with guests Lenora Marshall and Dr. Iva Carruthers. Topics The Quest for Reparations in Elaine, Arkansas Guests Lenora Marshall Vice-President, Elaine Legacy Center, Elaine, Arkansas Dr. Iva Carruthers General Secretary, Samuel DeWitt Proctor Conference, Chicago, IL Plus “The Professor” Dr. Ron Daniels on the Soap Box Will Black Voters Elect…

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How the Black Codes Limited African American Progress After the Civil War

How the Black Codes Limited African American Progress After the Civil War

By Reparations

The black codes effectively continued enslavement for African Americans by restricting their rights and exploiting their labor. By Nadra Kareem Nittle — When slavery ended in the United States, freedom still eluded African Americans who were contending with the repressive set of laws known as the black codes. Widely enacted throughout the South following the Civil War—a period called Reconstruction—these laws both limited the rights of Black people and exploited them as a…

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Black Labor Day Forum: The Theft of Black Labor and Extraction of Black Wealth

By Events, NAARC Posts, News & Current Affairs, Reparations

Streamed September 7, 2020 — The Institute of the Black World 21st Century in collaboration with the National African American Reparations Commission present a Black Labor Day Forum “The Theft of Black Labor and Extraction of Black Wealth: How the Exploitation and Oppression of Black People Built Capitalist America – The Case for Reparations and HR-40”. Participants include Don Rojas, Nkechi Taifa, Esq., Dr. Ron Daniels, Bill Fletcher, Dr. Julianne…

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The Red, Black and Green Universal African Flag

The Red, Black & Green: Fly the Flag and Fight for the Exoneration of Marcus Garvey

By Marcus Garvey, Vantage Point Articles

Vantage Point Articles & Essays By Dr. Ron Daniels (Originally Published July 2015) — August 17 will mark the 128th birthday of the Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey, the visionary Jamaican-born leader who built the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) into the largest mass movement for liberation in the history of Africans in America and perhaps the world!…

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A protester carrying a U.S. flag leads a chant during a Black Lives Matter march in Valley Stream, New York, July 13, 2020

As BLM Goes Global, It’s Building on Centuries of Black Internationalist Struggle

By Editors' Choice

By Brandon R. Byrd, World Politics Review — At approximately 8:19 p.m. on the evening of May 25, Derek Chauvin, a 19-year veteran of the Minneapolis Police Department, brought his weight down upon George Floyd’s neck. Floyd, a 46-year-old Black man, arrested for the alleged crime of using a counterfeit $20 bill, struggled for breath—for life—for more than five minutes. Lying prostrate on the hot concrete, his arms handcuffed behind…

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Congressman John Lewis — SNCC organizers, Greenwood.

The Other John Lewis I Will Always Remember

By Commentaries/Opinions

By Earl Ofari Hutchinson — The instant the news flashed that Congressman John Lewis died the expected and much deserved avalanche of tributes poured in from all corners. Trump’s tribute was in that avalanche. The tributes all pretty much followed the same pattern. Lewis was praised as a civil rights icon, courageous, unremitting, and a historic example of how a life devoted to civil rights can result in monumental changes…

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John R. Lewis, a civil rights titan and a formidable member of Congress for three decades, died at the age of 80 on July 17.

John Lewis, front-line civil rights leader and eminence of Capitol Hill, dies at 80

By News & Current Affairs

By Laurence I. Barrett, The Washington Post — John Lewis, a civil rights leader who preached nonviolence while enduring beatings and jailings during seminal front-line confrontations of the 1960s and later spent more than three decades in Congress defending the crucial gains he had helped achieve for people of color, has died. He was 80. His death was announced in statements from his family and from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi…

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Steven Perry as Henry Temple in “The Big Tall Wish,” a Season 1 episode of The Twilight Zone

Tele-visionary Blackness

By Commentaries/Opinions

By Brandy Monk-Payton, Public Books — I. CHANNELING FREEDOM DREAMS A Black boy presses his forehead and cheek against the television. He shuts his eyes, clasps his hands together, and mutters fervently. It is a scene from “The Big Tall Wish,” a Season 1 episode of The Twilight Zone. The episode, which was released in 1960, follows Bolie Jackson (Ivan Dixon), a washed-up prizefighter who has lost all confidence in his…

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Commentary, Articles and Essays by Dr. Maulana Karenga

Questioning the Country with Frederick Douglass: Judgment, Not Joy on July 4th

By Dr. Maulana Karenga

By Dr. Maulana Karenga — If we are to honor and rightfully appreciate our history and struggle to liberate ourselves and expand the realm of freedom and justice in this country, we must stand with Frederick Douglass at Rochester, New York in 1852, at every Fourth of July celebration. To stand with Douglass on this day is not only to read, discuss and study his July 4th speech, but to…

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