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Black History Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

Commentary, Articles and Essays by Dr. Maulana Karenga

Celebrating Black Women’s History: Achievements, Strengths and Struggles

By Black Women in History, Commentaries/Opinions, Dr. Maulana Karenga

By Dr. Maulana Karenga — This year’s celebration of Black History Month II: Women’s Focus comes at a time of the pandemic COVID-19 and the continuing pathology of oppression. It is also a time of resistance, rising up and raising the battle cries: Black Women Rising; Black Men Rising; Black People Rising; No Justice, No Peace; and Liberation’s Coming From A Black and Beautiful Thing. And that Black and Beautiful…

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How Black cartographers put racism on the map of America

By Commentaries/Opinions

By Derek H. Alderman, Joshua F.J. Inwood— How can maps fight racism and inequality? The work of the Black Panther Party, a 1960s- and 1970s-era Black political group featured in a new movie and a documentary, helps illustrate how cartography – the practice of making and using maps – can illuminate injustice. As these films show, the Black Panthers focused on African American empowerment and community survival, running a diverse array of programming that ranged…

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Gretta Jackson

Woman Becomes First Black Owner of an Outback Steakhouse in Detroit After Starting As a Server

By Black Women in History, News & Current Affairs

By Cedric ‘BIG CED’ Thornton — A Black woman, who started as a part-time server, is now an owner of her very own Outback Steakhouse restaurant in Michigan, less than 20 years later. According to Fox2 Detroit, Gretta Jackson took a job as a part-time server job at an Outback in Southfield almost two decades ago to put some extra money in her pocket. She worked her way up to become the…

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Isn’t 400 Years Enough?

By Editors' Choice

The failure to appreciate Black history leaves our nation incomplete. By Jonathan Holloway— Many of the insurrectionists who stormed the Capitol on Jan. 6 were driven by a belief that they were acting in accord with the principles fashioned at the birth of this country, that their protest embodied America’s long history of patriotic rhetoric about freedom and citizenship. And in this, they are at least partly right: Such rhetoric…

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Anti-Racism Protest

White People Are Cashing In On The Black Struggle for Equality

By Commentaries/Opinions, News & Current Affairs

By Anthony Quinones— Many historically marginalized groups have the ability to address the atrocities done to them. For example, Jewish people are still talking about the Holocaust. The Nazis killed millions of Jews from 1941-1945. Nobody should ever forget that. All races, ethnicities, and cultures should remember their past to avoid a repeat of the horrible events. All groups have this ability–except Black people. The deaths of Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, George Floyd,…

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So is critical race theory poisonous or illuminating?

By Commentaries/Opinions

By The Unitimes Reporter— Twice during last year’s American presidential election campaign, the US president attacked Critical Race Theory (CRT). The first time, on Constitution Day in September, Donald Trump called the critical school that developed from Critical Legal Theory in the late 1980s “ideological poison” because it foregrounded the racial aspects of American history in the school curriculum. The 1619 Project developed by scholars and the New York Times was “radical”,…

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Commentary, Articles and Essays by Dr. Maulana Karenga

Living the Legacy of Our History

By Commentaries/Opinions, Dr. Maulana Karenga

Living the Legacy of Our History: Resolutions for Righteous and Relentless Struggle By Dr. Maulana Karenga— In this time of trial, tragedy and transition, let us turn inward for a sustaining strength and still wish, work and struggle for good in the world. Even though we might have made New Year’s resolutions in all honesty, the established order cultivates a climate that makes them soon lose their relevance and reality….

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How America Invented Race

By Editors' Choice

By Ed Bell, Clementine Briand, Pierce Freelon, Jonathan Halperin, Aaron Keane and Drew Takahashi— EPISODE 1 The white “race” was invented by rich Virginians in 1676 in the aftermath of a populous rebellion of impoverished, indentured, and enslaved Africans and Europeans now known as Bacon’s Rebellion. Source: World Channel

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Vantage Point: The Quest for Reparations in Elaine, Arkansas • Will Black Votes Elect Trump • Dr. Ron Daniels on the Soap Box

By Reparations, Vantage Point Radio, Video/Audio

Vantage Point October 26, 2020 — On this Edition of Vantage Point, host Dr. Ron Daniels aka The Professor talks with guests Lenora Marshall and Dr. Iva Carruthers. Topics The Quest for Reparations in Elaine, Arkansas Guests Lenora Marshall Vice-President, Elaine Legacy Center, Elaine, Arkansas Dr. Iva Carruthers General Secretary, Samuel DeWitt Proctor Conference, Chicago, IL Plus “The Professor” Dr. Ron Daniels on the Soap Box Will Black Voters Elect…

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How the Black Codes Limited African American Progress After the Civil War

How the Black Codes Limited African American Progress After the Civil War

By Reparations

The black codes effectively continued enslavement for African Americans by restricting their rights and exploiting their labor. By Nadra Kareem Nittle — When slavery ended in the United States, freedom still eluded African Americans who were contending with the repressive set of laws known as the black codes. Widely enacted throughout the South following the Civil War—a period called Reconstruction—these laws both limited the rights of Black people and exploited them as a…

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Black Labor Day Forum: The Theft of Black Labor and Extraction of Black Wealth

By Events, NAARC Posts, News & Current Affairs, Reparations

Streamed September 7, 2020 — The Institute of the Black World 21st Century in collaboration with the National African American Reparations Commission present a Black Labor Day Forum “The Theft of Black Labor and Extraction of Black Wealth: How the Exploitation and Oppression of Black People Built Capitalist America – The Case for Reparations and HR-40”. Participants include Don Rojas, Nkechi Taifa, Esq., Dr. Ron Daniels, Bill Fletcher, Dr. Julianne…

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The Red, Black and Green Universal African Flag

The Red, Black & Green: Fly the Flag and Fight for the Exoneration of Marcus Garvey

By Marcus Garvey, Vantage Point Articles

Vantage Point Articles & Essays By Dr. Ron Daniels (Originally Published July 2015) — August 17 will mark the 128th birthday of the Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey, the visionary Jamaican-born leader who built the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) into the largest mass movement for liberation in the history of Africans in America and perhaps the world!…

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