Black History Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

Commentary, Articles and Essays by Dr. Maulana Karenga

Questioning the Country with Frederick Douglass: Judgment, Not Joy on July 4th

By Dr. Maulana Karenga

By Dr. Maulana Karenga — If we are to honor and rightfully appreciate our history and struggle to liberate ourselves and expand the realm of freedom and justice in this country, we must stand with Frederick Douglass at Rochester, New York in 1852, at every Fourth of July celebration. To stand with Douglass on this day is not only to read, discuss and study his July 4th speech, but to…

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Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass Statue Torn Down on Anniversary of Famous July 4 Speech

By News & Current Affairs

The landmark 1852 speech by the Black abolitionist was titled, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” By Chris Walker, Truthout — A statue of Frederick Douglass, a formerly enslaved Black abolitionist in the mid-1800s who helped to transport other enslaved people seeking freedom on the Underground Railroad, was removed from its pedestal in a park in Rochester, New York, by vandals over the weekend. The statue was…

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An Overdue Debt — Why It’s Finally Time To Pay Reparations To Black Americans

An Overdue Debt — Why It’s Finally Time To Pay #Reparations To Black Americans

By Reparations

A nation founded on the premise of liberty and justice for all has failed to deliver that promise to Black Americans. Now it must. By Seth Cohen, Forbes — Over 400 years ago, the first slaves were brought to the land that would eventually become the United States of America. In the intervening years, a country was created, divided, reunited, and reconstructed, and it became one of the most powerful…

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Rev. Dr. Robert Turner

Rev. Dr. Robert Turner Appointed to National Reparations Commission

By NAARC Posts, News & Current Affairs, Press Releases / Statements, Reparations

Keeping the Tulsa Massacre on the National Agenda. New York, June 25, 2020 — Dr. Ron Daniels, Convener of the National African American Reparations Commission (NAARC), announced today that Rev. Dr. Robert Turner, Pastor of the Historic Vernon AME Church in the Greenwood/Black Wall Street Community of Tulsa, has been appointed to the Commission. Vernon AME Church was a proud beacon of hope in the community that came to be…

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Smoke rises from damaged properties after the Tulsa Race Massacre in Tulsa, Oklahoma June 1921.

From grandfather to grandson, the lessons of the Tulsa race massacre

By Editors' Choice

By Gregory B. Fairchild — My family sat down to watch the first episode of HBO’s “Watchmen” last October. Stephen Williams, the director, included quick cuts of gunshots, explosions, citizens fleeing roaming mobs, and even a plane dropping bombs. We’ve come to anticipate these elements in superhero films. As the sepia-toned footage spooled across the screen, the words “Tulsa 1921” were superimposed over the mayhem. My throat tightened. I knew…

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Chi Oriji leads a group in dance during the Juneteenth MusicFest and Parade, recognizing the end of slavery in America in Philadelphia on June 23, 2018.

Activists Are Pushing to Make Juneteenth a National Holiday

By News & Current Affairs

Here’s the History Behind Their Fight. By Olivia B. Waxman, Times — When President Donald Trump announced last week that he would hold a campaign rally in Tulsa on June 19, the backlash was swift. The speech was to take place near the site of a 1921 race massacre, and June 19 is celebrated each year as Juneteenth, in honor of the day in 1865 when enslaved men and women in…

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Keep Your Statues and Movies!!! Give Us Our Reparations Now!!! - By Bashir Muhammad Akinyele

Keep Your Statues and Movies!!! Give Us Our Reparations Now!!!

By Commentaries/Opinions, Reparations

By Bashir Muhammad Akinyele — “The making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged.” (American dictionary on the definition of the word reparations) “if you stick a knife in my back nine inches, taking a knife out my back six inches is not progress. Progress is healing the wound the knife made is progress. Sometimes you even…

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Watchmen: “Tulsa race massacre” of 1921

Trampling on the Graves of Our Ancestors: Trump’s Juneteenth “MAGA” Rally in Tulsa

By Vantage Point Articles

Changing the Date Does Not Matter Vantage Point Articles & Essays By Dr. Ron Daniels — “Their Blood Cries Out:” The Tulsa Massacre and the Destruction of Black Wall Street was the moving theme of a Virtual National Forum on May 31st sponsored by the National African American Reparations Commission (NAARC), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Human Rights Watch (HRW) and a dedicated group of local Sponsors which included…

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Vantage Point: Making of Newark’s First Black Mayor • Trump’s Juneteenth MAGA Tulsa Rally

By News & Current Affairs, Vantage Point Radio, Video/Audio

Vantage Point Radio June 15, 2020 — On this edition of Vantage Point, host Dr. Ron Daniels aka The Professor talks with guests Junius Williams, Esq. and Rev. Robert Turner. Monday’s Premium Calling on WBAI Buddies Monday’s Topics The Making of Newark’s First Black Mayor Trump’s Outrageous Juneteenth MAGA Tulsa Rally Monday’s Guests Junius Williams,Esq., Historian, Human Rights Activist, Newark, NJ Rev. Robert Turner, Pastor, Historic Vernon AME Church, Tulsa,…

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Commentary, Articles and Essays by Dr. Julianne Malveaux

Ida B’s Pulitzer — Both Too Late and Right on Time

By Dr. Julianne Malveaux

Dr. Julianne Malveaux — Exactly one hundred and thirty-six years to the day after Ida B. Wells was thrown off a Chesapeake and Ohio railroad train, she was awarded a Pulitzer Prize special citation for her “outstanding and courageous reporting on the horrific and vicious violence against African Americans in the era of lynchings.”  The creator of the New York Times’ 1619 Project, Nicole Hannah-Jones, received a Pulitzer on the…

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