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France Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

Haitian police patrol outside the presidential residence in Port-au-Prince on July 7, 2021, after President Jovenel Moïse was assassinated

Haiti’s president assassinated: 5 essential reads to give you key history and insight

By Editors' Choice

Expert background on Haiti, where President Jovenel Moïse’s July 7 killing is the latest in the Caribbean nation’s long list of struggles. By Catesby Holmes, The Conversation — The assassination of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse risks destabilizing the Caribbean country, which was already in crisis over alarmingly high violence and Moïse’s increasingly undemocratic behavior. Here’s some essential background on Haiti, starting with the painful history that underlies so much of Haiti’s modern…

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BLM Protesters march through London towards Parliament Square

The global impact of George Floyd: How Black Lives Matter protests shaped movements around the world

By News & Current Affairs

George Floyd’s young daughter said, “Daddy changed the world.” These global protests show how right she was. By Jason Silverstein, CBS News — George Floyd’s murder in Minneapolis in May 2020 sparked the largest racial justice protests in the United States since the Civil Rights Movement. But the movement went far beyond this nation’s borders — it inspired a global reckoning with racism. This time last year, countries across the globe had some of the largest…

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Haitian President Jean-Pierre Boyer receiving Charles X’s decree recognizing Haitian independence on July 11, 1825. Bibliotheque Nationale de France

When France extorted Haiti – the greatest heist in history

By Reparations

By Marlene Daut — In the wake of George Floyd’s killing, there have been calls for defunding police departments and demands for the removal of statues. The issue of reparations for slavery has also resurfaced. Much of the reparations debate has revolved around whether the United States and the United Kingdom should finally compensate some of their citizens for the economic and social costs of slavery that still linger today. But to me, there’s never been a…

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The grand buildings of Bordeaux, France, were financed, in part, by the trans-Atlantic slave trade. The city has moved to address that past.

George Floyd’s Killing Forces Wider Debate on France’s Slave-Trading Past

By Editors' Choice

Rather than tear down statues, some argue that the past should not be obliterated, but remembered and explained. By Norimitsu Onishi, The New York Times — BORDEAUX, France — At a bend in the river, a succession of stately stone buildings, each more imposing than the last, stretches along the left bank. Their elegant 18th-century facades had helped Bordeaux, already famous for its wineries, become a UNESCO World Heritage site.…

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Protestors march down Queen Street in Auckland, New Zealand on Monday, June 1.

Thousands around the world protest George Floyd’s death in global display of solidarity

By News & Current Affairs

By Zamira Rahim and Rob Picheta, CNN — Protesters have marched in the US for six consecutive nights over the death of George Floyd at the hands of a police officer. Their anger over the killing of the unarmed black man has now spread worldwide. Over the weekend demonstrators gathered in London, Berlin and Auckland, among other cities, to protest against police brutality in solidarity with the US crowds. Britain In London, protesters rallied…

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Collection of Helena Rubinstein

A Letter to President Macron: Reparations Before Restitution

By Editors' Choice, Reparations

In the wake of initiatives to repatriate Africa’s stolen property, the author of this letter asks the French President to repair what his ancestors have broken, before attempting to restore the war trophies of colonial conquest. By Manthia Diawara, Hyperallergic — “All of the elements for a solution to the major problems of humanity existed at one time or another in European thought. But the Europeans did not act on…

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David Comissiong

Ambassador David Comissiong’s most recent Address on Reparations

By Editors' Choice, Reparations

Address by Ambassador David Comissiong to the West and Central Africa Conference on the United Nations International Decade for People of African Descent Organized by the United Nations Commission for Human Rights and the African Union Dakar, Senegal (23-24 October, 2019). In 1834, after 225 years of relentless rebellion by our enslaved ancestors, slavery was abolished throughout the British Empire: and the methodology devised by the British Government for the…

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Le Mémorial de la Déportation des Juifs de France names Jews deported in the Holocaust. Some got word this week they are receiving payments from the French government in reparation.

Holocaust Survivors And Victims’ Families Receive Millions In Reparations From France

By News & Current Affairs, Reparations

By Amy Held, NPR — Around three-quarters of a century after the Holocaust ended with the extermination of six million Jews, some survivors, as well as victims’ families and estates, are receiving reparations from France, in acknowledgment of the government’s role in deporting them to Nazi death camps via French trains. Forty-nine people who made it out of the Holocaust alive are receiving around $400,000 each, according to former Ambassador Stuart…

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Slavery

The Black Press USA’s series on Slavery and the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade

By Reparations

The Black Press USA is the Web site of the National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA), an umbrella grouping of over 200 African-American newspapers spread across the USA. The NNPA has launched a global news feature series on the history, contemporary realities and implications of the transatlantic slave trade. Read the entire series below: Part I. UN Observes International Remembrance of Slave Trade Part II. The Catholic Church Played Major Role…

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Haitian Flag

Black America should care more about Haiti

By Commentaries/Opinions

By The Miami Times — The island of Haiti had a bittersweet last week. The sweet part of the week began on the evening of Oct. 3, when U.S. District Judge Edward Chen blocked the Trump Administration’s efforts to end Temporary Protected Status for Haitians and hundreds of thousands of other immigrants from countries whose residents are people of color. The U.S. government grants TPS to people from countries where…

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Eluard Luchell McDaniels, Spanish Civil. War Volunteer, Batea, Spain, May 1938. Image Courtesy of the Tamiment Library, New York University

African American Anti-Fascists in the Spanish Civil War

By Editors' Choice

Anti-fascist volunteer Canute Frankson explained his motivation in a letter home in 1937: “We will build us a new society—a society of peace and plenty. There will be no color line, no jim crow trains, no lynching. That is why, my dear, I’m here in Spain.” By Peter Carroll, BlackPast.org — Approximately 90 African Americans fought in Spain during the civil war that engulfed that nation between 1936 and 1939.…

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History: How African Muslims “Civilized Spain”

History: How African Muslims “Civilized Spain”

By Editors' Choice

By Garikai Chengu —  Four hundred and eight years ago today King Phillip III of Spain signed an order, which was one of the earliest examples of ethnic cleansing. At the height of the Spanish inquisition, King Phillip III ordered the expulsion of 300,000 Muslim Moriscos, which initiated one of the most brutal and tragic episodes in the history of Spain. Contrary to conventional wisdom, it was ancient Africans that…

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