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Greenwood Archives - Page 2 of 2 - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

Greenwood in ruins in June 1921 after the Tulsa Race Massacre.

Reparations bill for Tulsa Race Massacre survivors introduced in Congress

By Reparations

By DeNeen L. Brown, Washington Post — After hearing emotional testimony from three survivors of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre, a Georgia congressman introduced a bill Friday that would make it easier for them to seek reparations. Rep. Hank Johnson (D-Ga.) said the Tulsa-Greenwood Massacre Claims Accountability Act would provide survivors and descendants access to the courts to seek restitution for one of the worst episodes of racial violence in…

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Viola Fletcher - The three remaining survivors of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre testified before Congress in Washington, D.C., asking leadership to deliver justice.

In pursuit of reparations, Tulsa Race Massacre survivors ask city to ‘do the right thing’

By Reparations

By Carla Hinton, Oklahoman — Editor’s note: The following may include first-person accounts of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre contain graphic depictions and antiquated racial terminology. We have chosen not to edit these survivor accounts to leave their stories unencumbered by interpretation or exclusion. Across the United States, renewed calls for reparations to help right decades-old racial injustices have been part of a racial reckoning that seemed to gain momentum…

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Greenwood, 1921: One of the worst race massacres in American history

By Editors' Choice

By Scott Pelley— The death of George Floyd, in the hands of Minneapolis police, came on Memorial Day. Ninety-nine years before, that same week, black Americans suffered a massacre. In the days after World War I, a neighborhood in Tulsa, Oklahoma, called Greenwood was among the wealthiest black communities. Oil made Greenwood rich, but jealousy made it suffer. In 1921, a white mob, with incendiary rage, burned Greenwood to ash. Even memories…

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Living in the Age of the White Mob

By Editors' Choice

By Victor Luckerson— For most of the hundred and fifty-six years since the Civil War, white mobs have had free rein over American society. They burned Black schools during Reconstruction, strung Black bodies from trees during the lynching era, and harassed Black students during the civil-rights movement. These were acts of racism, but they were also flexes of political power—murderous demands that the legal and cultural norms of the rioters’…

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Nkechi Taifa

Of Terror and Promise: On This MLK Day, There’s No Better Time to Call for Reparatory Justice!

By Editors' Choice

By Nkechi Taifa— The terror Blacks feel is in our bones. For me, it began when white storm clouds of terror hung over the home of Mose Wright late one August night in 1955, when white, armed terrorists demanded his great-nephew, 14-year-old Emmett Till, be handed over to them. I was scarcely eight months old. Young Emmett had made the mistake of being from Chicago and, not heeding “The Talk” his…

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Scientists and Historians Uncover Further Details of Racist 1921 Tulsa Massacre

By Reparations

By: Abayomi Azikiwe— Tulsa was the scene of a violent attack on a thriving African American community nearly a century ago During World War I (1914-1918) and the immediately following years (1919-1921), racial tensions escalated inside the United States resulting in numerous efforts by white racists to contain and in many cases remove the presence of African Americans. One of the most violent disturbances occurred in late May and early…

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Rev. Dr. Robert Turner

Member of NAARC Assaulted by Racist Mob in Tulsa, OK

By NAARC Posts, News & Current Affairs, Press Releases / Statements

On Wednesday, July 15, Rev. Robert Turner, a commissioner from the National African American Reparations Commission (NAARC) was assaulted, both physically and verbally, by an angry white mob outside of City Hall in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The incident was caught on cell phone video. Rev. Turner is the pastor of the historic AME Church in the Greenwood section of Tulsa, once known as ‘The Black Wall Street.’ The entire edifice of…

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Rev. Dr. Robert Turner

Rev. Dr. Robert Turner Appointed to National Reparations Commission

By NAARC Posts, News & Current Affairs, Press Releases / Statements, Reparations

Keeping the Tulsa Massacre on the National Agenda. New York, June 25, 2020 — Dr. Ron Daniels, Convener of the National African American Reparations Commission (NAARC), announced today that Rev. Dr. Robert Turner, Pastor of the Historic Vernon AME Church in the Greenwood/Black Wall Street Community of Tulsa, has been appointed to the Commission. Vernon AME Church was a proud beacon of hope in the community that came to be…

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Smoke rises from damaged properties after the Tulsa Race Massacre in Tulsa, Oklahoma June 1921.

From grandfather to grandson, the lessons of the Tulsa race massacre

By Editors' Choice

By Gregory B. Fairchild — My family sat down to watch the first episode of HBO’s “Watchmen” last October. Stephen Williams, the director, included quick cuts of gunshots, explosions, citizens fleeing roaming mobs, and even a plane dropping bombs. We’ve come to anticipate these elements in superhero films. As the sepia-toned footage spooled across the screen, the words “Tulsa 1921” were superimposed over the mayhem. My throat tightened. I knew…

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Commentary, Articles and Essays by Dr. Julianne Malveaux

Looters, Lowlifes, and Liars

By Dr. Julianne Malveaux

By Dr. Julianne Malveaux — According to the Washington Post, the 45th President told 19,126 lies between his inauguration in 2017 and June 1, 2020.  By now, the number has likely edged toward 20,000, as his Tulsa “rally” yielded dozens more.  This President has no allegiance to the truth, but that’s no surprise.  Leading up to his ill-timed gathering, amid the coronavirus, he projected more than a million attendees.  Instead,…

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The aftermath of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre (Greenwood Cultural Center)

Human Rights Watch calls for Tulsa Race Massacre reparations a century after violence

By Reparations

By DeNeen L. Brown, The Washington Post — On the eve of the 99th anniversary of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre, Human Rights Watch released a report Friday demanding reparations for survivors and descendants of the violence, which left hundreds of black people dead and blocks smoldering. “No one has ever been held responsible for these crimes, the impacts of which black Tulsans still feel today,” says the report, titled “The Case…

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