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Reparations was the focus of the 2018 Sparer Symposium at the University of Pennsylvania Law School (Penn Law). This video is of a panel discussion “Building the Ivory Tower: How Institutions Benefited from Slavery” with Ari Merretazon, N’COBRA Philadelphia Chapter Male Co-chair; Sharon Murphy, History Professor at Providence College; Sandra Green Thomas, President of the GU272 Descendants Association; Carlton Waterhouse, Director of the Indiana University, Robert H. McKinney School of Law Environmental, Energy and Natural Resources Law Program.

This video has been edited to share on The original footage was provided by of Penn Law.


IBW21 (The Institute of the Black World 21st Century) is committed to enhancing the capacity of Black communities in the U.S. and globally to achieve cultural, social, economic and political equality and an enhanced quality of life for all marginalized people.