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Greenwood Archives - Institute of the Black World 21st Century

Rev. Dr. Robert Turner Reparations March

Reparations tied to specific events, like the Tulsa Massacre, reignite the push to address injustices

By Reparations

Black Freedmen in Tulsa hope the national attention on the Greenwood massacre means that more Americans are willing to reckon with the scale of the country’s sins. By Joseph Lee, BuzzFeed — Growing up, Kristi Williams always wondered why her great-aunt Janie Edwards avoided shopping in Tulsa. The family lived nearby in the suburb of Broken Arrow, which is about a 20-minute drive away. Tulsa offered more options, better deals,…

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Rev. Dr. Robert Turner

Pastor Persists In Efforts To Get Reparations For Tulsa Massacre Victims

By Reparations

Over the course of a day-and-a half in late May and early June 1921, a white mob, angered by the alleged assault of a white woman by a black man, burned and looted the predominantly black Greenwood neighborhood of Tulsa, Oklahoma. The damage covered 35 city blocks, destroying nearly 200 businesses, displacing about 10,000 residents. Hundreds were killed in the Tulsa race massacre, deemed one of the deadliest riots in U.S….

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The American Red Cross Disaster Relief Headquarters in Tulsa, 1921

Sport as a Place of Violence in the Tulsa Race Massacre

By Editors' Choice

By J. Paul — On Tuesday May 31, 1921, the Oklahoma City Indians baseball team took to the field against the Tulsa Oilers for an afternoon doubleheader. The first game, beginning at 2:00 pm, resulted in a 2-1 victory for the Oklahoma City (OKC) Indians. Then, after a short rest period between games, the Tulsa Oilers rallied for a 6-5 victory that lasted two hours and stretched into the tenth inning.1…

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“Falling Awake,” a 2018 work by Richard Finkelstein.

Tom Hanks: You Should Learn the Truth About the Tulsa Race Massacre

By Commentaries/Opinions

By Tom Hanks, The New York Times — I consider myself a lay historian who talks way too much at dinner parties, leading with questions like, “Do you know that the Erie Canal is the reason Manhattan became the economic center of America?” Some of the work I do is making historically based entertainment. Did you know our second president once defended in court British soldiers who fired on and…

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The Daily Record, the only African American newspaper in Wilmington, N.C., was set ablaze as the Wilmington insurrection of 1898 began.

Tulsa isn’t the only race massacre you were never taught in school. Here are others.

By Commentaries/Opinions

By Gillian Brockell, The Washington Post — With President Biden commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre Tuesday, many Americans are learning for the first time about the nation’s long history of racist rampages, particularly during (but not limited to) the period from the 1870s to the 1920s — considered by many a nadir in the fight for Black civil rights. This new awareness has prompted calls from many,…

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Vantage Point: Report Back From Tulsa and Economic Envy and the Destruction of Black Wall Street

By Vantage Point Radio, Video/Audio

June 7, 2021 — On this special edition of Vantage Point, host Dr. Ron Daniels aka The Professor talks with special guests Rev. Dr. Robert Turner and Dr. Julianne Malveaux. Topics Report Back From Tulsa White Economic Envy and the Destruction of Black Wall Street Special Guests Rev. Dr. Robert Turner Senior Pastor, Historic Vernon AME Church, Tulsa, OK Dr. Julianne Malveaux Author, Political Economist, Dean, Ethnic Studies, Cal. State…

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President Joe Biden

WH Dodges on Whether Tulsa Massacre Survivors Should Get Reparations

By Reparations

By Brian Freeman, Newmax The White House declined to back a proposal for three survivors of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre and other descendants affected by the riots to receive reparations, a recommendation made by a state commission into the incident, the Washington Examiner reported on Tuesday. White House spokeswoman Karine Jean-Pierre said on Air Force One en route to Tulsa on Tuesday that President Joe Biden’s focus was on raising awareness…

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Survivors and siblings Viola Fletcher and Hughes Van Ellis attend the soil dedication at Stone Hill

Tulsa massacre: Biden urges Americans to reflect on ‘deep roots of racial terror’

By Editors' Choice

President’s speech marks 100 years since the mass killing as part of a day of remembrance for the hundreds of Black victims. By Edward Helmore In a speech marking 100 years since the Tulsa race massacre, Joe Biden called on Americans to think upon “the deep roots of racial terror” in the United States and to destroy systemic racism in their society. In hard-hitting words as part of a declaration of…

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Black Wall Street documentaries detail the massacre & still seek justice

“The job is not done yet”: Black Wall Street documentaries detail the massacre & still seek justice

By Editors' Choice

Descendants of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre are seeing their story being told, but have yet to receive reparations. By Melanie McFarland Documentaries and news reports marking the centennial of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre are scheduled to air across TV this weekend and into June, including on History Channel, PBS, CBS, CNN, OWN and National Geographic. All of them are worthwhile viewing. Regardless of which you watch, it is crucial to know…

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The 1921 Tulsa race massacre wrought widespread destruction. In addition to acknowledging the horror of that particular event, we must confront the systemic, genocidal, state-sanctioned, racist violence that is pervasive in the United States.

The Tulsa Race Massacre Went Way Beyond “Black Wall Street”

By Commentaries/Opinions

By George Yancy, Truthout There is so much grieving that Black people have yet to do. The grammar of our suffering from anti-Black racism has yet to be fully created. As we currently deal with the pervasiveness of Black suffering, mourning and grief related to anti-Black racism, there has been a great deal of media coverage acknowledging that this year marks 100 years since the Tulsa Race Massacre, where roughly…

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Smoke rises north of Greenwood Avenue from Hartford Avenue, in Tulsa, Okla. on June 1, 1921.

Tulsa’s Greenwood neighborhood wasn’t America’s only Black Wall Street

By News & Current Affairs

By Fay Horwitt, Lanessa Owens-Chaplin and Trevor Smith Pop culture has made Tulsa, Oklahoma, and the violence that destroyed its Greenwood community the center of conversation in ways that it never has been before. The HBO series “Watchmen” kicked off with a vivid re-enactment of the massacre. The comic book series “Bitter Root” features the massacre as its heroic characters fight racism. But Greenwood wasn’t the only Black Wall Street in America, and mass violence…

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